B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, Maryland

Nestled in the heart of Baltimore, Maryland, the B&O Railroad Museum is a remarkable institution that allows visitors to step back in time and explore the rich history of America’s railroads. This museum, with its extensive collection of historic trains and artifacts, offers a captivating journey through the evolution of transportation, industry, and the American way of life.

A Historic Gem:

The B&O Railroad Museum finds its origins in the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad, which was chartered in 1827 as the first commercial railroad in the United States. The museum itself was established in 1953, utilizing the historic Mt. Clare roundhouse as its primary location. The roundhouse, constructed in 1829, serves as one of the oldest railroad structures in the world and sets the stage for an immersive exploration of the past.

An Impressive Collection:

At the heart of the B&O Railroad Museum is its vast collection of historic locomotives, rolling stock, and railroad artifacts. Visitors can encounter everything from early steam locomotives to sleek and powerful diesel engines, providing a comprehensive view of the technological advancements that revolutionized transportation in the 19th and 20th centuries.

One of the standout pieces in the collection is the “Tom Thumb,” a replica of the first American-built steam locomotive. This iconic locomotive played a pivotal role in the early days of the B&O Railroad and showcases the spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship that characterized the era.

Roundhouse and Turntable:

The Mt. Clare roundhouse is the centerpiece of the museum. This architectural marvel houses a spectacular array of historic locomotives and rolling stock, allowing visitors to view these magnificent machines up close. The fully operational 60-foot turntable is a highlight, as it’s used to position locomotives and rolling stock within the roundhouse for maintenance and display.

Train Rides:

The B&O Railroad Museum offers visitors a unique opportunity to experience train travel of the past. The museum operates a train ride program that takes visitors on a journey aboard historic locomotives, offering a taste of the bygone era of passenger rail travel. These rides provide an authentic and immersive experience, evoking the romance and nostalgia of train journeys.

Education and Outreach:

The B&O Railroad Museum is not just a repository of artifacts but also a hub of education. The museum offers various programs, workshops, and exhibits designed to engage visitors of all ages. Educational initiatives include hands-on activities for children, lectures, and special events that explore the history of railroads and their impact on American society.

Community Engagement:

The museum actively participates in the local community, collaborating with schools, universities, and historical organizations to promote a deeper understanding of railroad history. Its presence adds an enriching dimension to Baltimore’s cultural landscape, drawing history enthusiasts and curious minds from the surrounding area and beyond.

Preservation and Restoration:

A critical aspect of the B&O Railroad Museum’s mission is the preservation and restoration of its historic locomotives and rolling stock. The museum’s dedicated team of experts and volunteers work diligently to ensure that these treasures remain in operational condition, allowing visitors to witness history come to life.


The B&O Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland, is more than just a museum; it’s a journey through time and a celebration of America’s industrial and transportation heritage. With its extraordinary collection, commitment to education, and dedication to community engagement, the museum stands as a testament to the enduring fascination of railroads and their integral role in shaping the nation. As it continues to inspire and educate visitors of all ages, the B&O Railroad Museum remains a vital link to America’s history and the legacy of the railroads that connected a nation.